Problem-Based Instructional Development Model At Senior High School In Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Meike Paat, Eva Altje Marentek, Noldy Pelenkahu


This study aims to develop Biology subject matter problem-based instructional development model at both senior high schools. It is a qualitative research and development with four stages. They are needs assessment, model designing, model development, and model implementation. The research result showed that the instructional development model had never been implemented, so that the revision result towards the instructional model had must be done in several time. The Biology subject matter expert, model designing expert, and media expert stated that it was proper to be implemented. According to one-to-one and small group evaluation, it was very good model. And based on the prime field trials, self-reflection, expert review, and effectiveness testing, it was concluded effective to improve the student achievement, output and outcome of learning Biology. The end product of this study was categorized very good and it was very proper to use as the instructional model which can make the student interested, enjoying, and it did not make boring to students to learn Biology. The products were consisted of Biology subject matter instructional materials, teacher guide book, and student work sheet book. 


Biology subject matter, Problem-based instructional development model

Full Text:



Amir, M. Taufiq. Inovasi Pendidikan Melalui ProblemBased Learning: Bagaimana Pendidik Memberdayakan Pemelajar di Era Pengetahuan. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group. 2009.

Borg, Walter and Meredith D. Gall. Educational Research. Boston: Pearson. 1979.

Bruce, Joyce, Masha Weil, and Emily Calhounl. Model of Teaching. Bostion: Allyn and Bacon. 2009. 4. Cennamo, Katherine and Debby Kalk. Real Work Instructional Design. New York: Wodsworth, Thomson Learning, Inc.

Gagne, Principle of Instructional Design. New York: Thomson Learning. 2005.

Gredler, Margaret E. Learning and Instructional: Teori dan Aplikasi. Translated by Tri Wibowo. Jakarta: Kencana Perdana Media Group. 2011. 7. Gentry, Castelle G. Introduction to Instructional Development: Process and Technique. 1994.

California: Wadsworth Publishing Company a Devision of Wadsworth, Inc. Jonassen, D.A. Learning to Solve Problems: A Handbook for Designing Problem-solving Learning Environment. New York: Routledge. 2011.

Miller and Blaydes. Methods and Materials for Teaching Biological Science. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1978.

Miarso, Yusufhadi. Menyemai Benih Teknologi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Prenada Media. 2004.

Munthe, Bermawy. Desain Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Insan Madani. 2012.

Nelson, Gedeon and Robinson. Fundamental Concept of Biology. New York: Wiley. 1992.

Reigelut, Charles M. Instructional Design Theory and Models. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associaties Publishers. 1983

Reiser, R.A. 2007. Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Robert, M.B.V. 1986. Biology, A Functional Approach. Australia: Thomas Nelson.

Seels, Barbara B. and Rita C. Richey. Instructional Technology the Definition and Domains.

Translated by Dewi, at. al. Jakarta: IPTPI and LPTK.

Willian and J.G. Kuteon. 1996. Biology Science. New York: Norton & Company.


  • There are currently no refbacks.