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Role of Earthworm in Metal Uptake and Synthesis of Nanoparticles

V Gokul Prashanth, M.Lakshmi Prabha


An earthworm is a tube-shaped, segmented worm found in the phylum Annelida. They are commonly found living in soil, feeding on live and dead organic matter. Its digestive system runs through the length of its body. It conducts respiration through its skin. An earthworm has a double transport system composed of coelomic fluid that moves within the fluid-filled coelom and a simple, closed blood circulatory system. It has a central and a peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system consists of two ganglia above the mouth, one on either side, connected to a nerve cord running back along its length to motor neurons and sensory cells in each segment. Large numbers of chemoreceptors are concentrated near its mouth. Circumferential and longitudinal muscles on the periphery of each segment enable the worms to move. Similar sets of muscles line the gut, and their actions move the digesting food toward the worm's anus.


Earthworm, Bacteria, Fungi, Nutrients, Skeleton.

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