भारत में गरीब और गरीबी: एक सामाजिक विशलेषण

निर्दोष कुमार

Abstract


^ufg nfjnz dksm nq%[kh u nhuk] ufg dksm vcq/k u yPNu ghuk*] nfjnzrk vkSj Hkw[kejh dh fpark gekjs euh"kh Hkh djrs FksA os u flQZ djrs Fks cfYd vius iz;klksa ls jkejkT; dh LFkkiuk esa dke;kc Hkh gq;sA ,d ,slk  lekt tgka foiUurk dk nwj&nwj rd ukeksfu'kka ugha pgqa vksj lEiUurk vkSj [kq'kgkyhA lksus dh fpfM+;ka¡ dgs tkus okys ns'k dk nksgu djds vkSj mls daxky djds xksjs rks lkr laeqnj ij pys x,] vktkn ns'k ds uke ij ;gka xjhch] Hkq[kejh] foiUurk] cngkyh vkSj reke lkekftd&vkfFkZd pqukSfr;ka NksM+ x,A ge vktkn gq;s gekjk ikS:"k tkxkA ;gka dh pqukSfr;ksa us gekjs vkRe lEeku dks f>>ksM MkykA fygktk gekjs ls ljdkj rd lc tqV x, ,d lqjkt LFkkfir djus esa gesa dke;kch Hkh feyhA mRRkjksÙkj ukxfjdksa ds dY;k.k esa vfHko`f) Hkh gqbZA xjhch vkSj Hkq[kejh 'kq: ls gekjh izkFkfedrk esa jgh] ysfdu vis{kkd`r urhts ;gka¡ ugha feysA folaxfr ;g fn[kh fd vehj&xjhc dh [kkbZ c<+us yxhA ,d rjQ rks nqfu;k Hkkjrh; vkfFkZd le`f) dh t;&t;dkj dj jgh gSA rks nwljh rjQ nqfu;k ds lokZf/kd xjhc ;gha jgus dk dyad Hkh gekjs gh ekFks ij gSA pwad dgka¡ gqbZ\ xjhcksa ds dY;k.kFkZ rks vufxur ;kstuk,sa cuh vkSj muds rgj dqcsj dk [ktkuk mM+sy fn;k x;k] ysfdu fQj Hkh gkykr tl ds rl gSA njvly ljdkj us xjhcksa ds fy;s QkSjh bartkekr [kwc fd;]s mudk dkS'ky fodkl ugh fd;k tk ldk] mUgsa fodYiksa vkSj i;kZIr ekSds ugha lqyHk djk,sa tk ldsA fygktk ifjn`'; xqykch ugha gks ldkA foQyrk ;g lkfcr djrh gS fd lQyrk dk iz;kl iwjs eu ls ugha fd;kA ,sls esa ;s ckras lp gksrh fn[krh gS fd xjhcksa ds uke tkjh gksus okyk /ku mu rd iwjk ugha igqa¡prkA fcpkSfy;s /kUuk lsB gks x,A jkejkt dh ladYiuk] /kwy /kwlfjr gksrh xbZA vc lcds lkFk vkSj lcds fodkl dh t:jr eglwl dh tk jgh gSA ,sls esa lekt ds oafprksa dk vkfFkZd] lkekftd o euksoSKkfud mRFkku djuk vkt ge lcds fy;s cM+k eqÌk gSA


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