Reducing Air Pollution - Towards making Indore a Smart, Clean, and Healthy City

Damodar Bachani, Amanda Pomeroy Stevens, R K Gupta


Introduction: The Government of India initiated the Smart City Mission in 2015 with the aim of comprehensive urban development for 100 cities. Swachh Bharat Mission was also launched nationwide in 2014 with the goal of advancing universal sanitation coverage. Indore was selected as a Smart City; it was also declared the cleanest city in India in 2017 and in 2018 under Swachh Bharat. Indore is also participating in the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) - funded Building Healthy Cities Project, with the objective of improving the health of the city environment. As part of that objective, a closer examination of air pollution levels was conducted.

Methodology: Annual average concentrations for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) from three air pollution measuring stations located in Indore’s Polo Ground (industrial), Kothari Market (commercial), and Kanodia Road, Vijay Nagar (residential) were analysed for trends during the last five years (2013-2017). For 2017, month-wise data were analysed for seasonal variations.

Results: The annual average concentration of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides did not change during the preceding five years. A declining trend was observed at all sites in concentration of PM10 from a range of 118-187 μg/m3 in 2013 to 77-81 μg/m3 in 2017. The PM2.5 concentration was measured only since 2016; 2017 levels were less when compared to the preceding year. Lower values were observed during the rainy season (July to September) for all pollutants. It was observed that, during the period, declining trend for PM10, various interventions were initiated in Indore, including night mechanical sweeping of city roads, free left loop roads to reduce traffic congestion, and an efficient systematic collection and disposal of solid waste.

Conclusion: Declining trends of air pollution in particulate matter in Indore is evident, possibly due to various measures taken by the Municipal Corporation and Indore Smart City Mission. Further analysis is needed to understand how these trends can be sustained and how they may impact the respiratory health of Indore citizens.


Air pollution, Healthy city, Smart city

Full Text:



Gakidou E, Afshin A, Abajobir A et al. Risk factors

collaborators. global, regional, and national comparative

risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and

occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks,

-2016: a systematic analysis for the global burden

of disease study 2016. The Lancet 2017; 390: 1345-422.

Global Burden of Disease 2015 Risk Factor Collaborators.

Global, regional, and national comparative risk

assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and

occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks,

-2015: a systematic analysis for the global burdenof disease study 2015. The Lancet 2016; 388: 1659-724.

Amaral S, de Carvalho J, Costa M et al. An overview

of particulate matter measurement instruments.

Atmosphere 2015; 6(9): 1327-45.

The World Bank. Understanding air pollution and the

way it is measured. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Cited 2018 August 16. Available from: http://


Health Effects Institute. Burden of disease attributable

to major air pollution sources in India. Special Report

Health Effects Institute, Boston. 2018.

World Health Organization (WHO). WHO global urban

ambient air pollution database (Update 2016). WHO,


Panday V, Dohare D. Assessment of present ambient air

quality of Indore city using Indian air quality index - a

case study. International Journal of Science Technology

& Engineering 2016; 3(6): 153-7.

Mamta P, Bassin JK. Analysis of ambient air quality using

air quality index - a case study. International Journal

of Advanced Engineering Technology 2010; 1: 106-14.

Saldanha A, Rao O. India’s cleanest cities: citizen

engagement drives the rankings. 2017. Cited

August 9. Available from: https://scroll.



Indore Municipal Corporation. Smart City Proposal-

Indore, India. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs,

Government of India. 2016. Available from: http://


Anjuli B. How Indore became garbage-free and beat

every other city to it. The Better India, Delhi, India.

Cited 2018 August 17. Available from: https://



  • There are currently no refbacks.