A Review of Biochar Based Technologies in Carbon Capture and Sequestration
The emission of greenhouse gases, predominantly, carbon dioxide, due to burning, decomposition and various other ways to dispose of agricultural crop residues or biomass waste has led to an increased persistence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Biochar is biologically active charcoal which is created by biomass feedstock pyrolysis in an oxygen deprived condition. Feedstock such as manure generated by poultry and livestock operations, agricultural waste and biodegradable solid waste can be used for the production of biochar. Biochar can be used as a soil amendment for poor soils, carrier for plant nutrients, water filtering medium, insulation in the building industry and as carbon sinks due to its porosity, stability and high surface area. The pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen yields an array of solid (biochar - dominant product during slow pyrolysis), liquid (bio-oil) and gaseous (syngas) products. As the key element in a new carbon-negative strategy, biochar can mitigate climate change by carbon sequestration and facilitate the development of a sustainable society by resolving critical challenges of food and energy security, etc. This review emphasizes on biochar utility as an approach to carbon capture and sequestration and hence the need to develop a carbon negative industry by minimizing atmospheric carbon.
Al-Wabel MI, Al-Omran A, El-Naggar AH et al. Pyrolysis
temperature induced changes in characteristics and
chemical composition of biochar produced from
conocarpus wastes. Bioresource Technology 2013;
Barrow CJ. Biochar: potential for counter in gland
degradation and for improving agriculture. Applied
Geography 2012; 34: 21-8.
Bhattacharya I, Yadav JSS, More T et al. Biochar. Carbon
Capture and Storage. 2015; 421-454.
Bolin B. The carbon cycle. Scientific America 1970;
Brewer CE. Biochar characterization and engineering.
Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Iowa State
University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations,
Budai A, Wang L, Gronli M et al. Surface properties
and chemical composition of corncob and miscanthus
biochars: effects of production temperature and
method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
; 62(17): 3791-99.
Mc Carl BA, Peacocke C, Chrisman R etal. Economics
of biochar production, utilisation and GHG Offsetspr.
International Biochar Initiative Conference, New
castleupon Tyne, UK. 2008.
Cui Z. A review of biochar’s applications in the soil
nitrogen cycle. Department of Chemical & Material
Engineering, New Mexico State University, 2015.
Available from: http://chme.nmsu.edu/files/2014/11/
Glaser B, Woods WI. Amazonian dark earth: explorations
in space and time. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg,
: XIV, 216.
IEA. Carbon capture and storage. International Energy
Agency 2017; 325: 1647-52.
IPCC. CO2 removals in residual combustion products
(charcoal): basis for future methodological
development. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National
Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Available from: https://
Gentela J, Prashanthi GS, Sravanthi K et al. Status
of availability of lignocellulosic feed stocks in India:
biotechnological strategies involved in the production
of bioethanol. Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Reviews 2017; 73: 798-820.
Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate
change. Geoderma 2004; 123(1-2): 1-22.
Lee Y, Park J, Ryu C et al. Comparison of biochar
properties from biomass residues produced by slow
pyrolysis at 500°C. Bioresource Technology 2013; 148:
Johannes L, Gaunt J, Rondon M. Bio-char
sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems - a review.Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global
Change 2006; 11(2): 403-27.
Johannes L, Joseph S. Biochar for Environmental
Management. 2009. Available from: https://pdfs.
Wu-Jun L, Jiang H, Yu HQ. Development of biocharbased
functional materials: toward a sustainable
platform carbon material. Chemical Reviews 2015;
Ondřej M, Brownsort P, Cross A et al. Influence of
Production Conditions on the Yield and Environmental
Stability of Biochar. Fuel 2013; 103: 151-5.
Agusalim M, Utomo WH, Syechfani MS. Rice husk
biochar for rice based cropping system in acid soil 1.
the characteristics of rice husk biochar and its influence
on the properties of acid sulfate soils and rice growth
in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural
Science 2010; 2(1): 39-47.
Sebastian M, Glaser B, Quicker P. Technical, economical
and climate related aspects of biochar production
technologies: a literature review. Environmental Science
& Technology 2011; 45(22): 110930141845009.
Mukome FND, Zhang X, Silva LCR et al. Use of chemical
and physical characteristics to investigate trends in
biochar feedstocks. Journal of Agricultural and Food
Chemistry 2013; 61(9): 2196-204.
Novak JM, Lima I, Xing B et al. Characterization of
designer biochar produced at different temperatures
and their effects on a loamy sand. Annals of
Environmental Science 2009; 3(843): 195-206.
Page SC, Williamson AG, Mason IG. Carbon capture and
storage: fundamental thermodynamics and current
technology. Energy Policy 2009; 37(9): 3314-24.
Introduction to carbon negative energy.
Available from: https://gcep.stanford.edu/pdfs/
Le Quéré C, Raupach MR, Canadell JG et al. Trends
in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nature
Geoscience 2009; 2(12): 831-6.
Singh B, Singh BP, Cowie AL. Characterization and
evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil
amendment. Australian Journal of Soil Research 2010;
Skog KE, Nicholson GA. Carbon cycling through wood
products: the role of wood and paper products in
carbon sequestration. Forest Products Journal 1998;
Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E et al. A review of biochar
and its use and function in soil. Advances in Agronomy
; 105(1): 47-82.
Spokas KA, Cantrell KB, Novak JM et al. 2012. Biochar:
a synthesis of its agronomic impact beyond carbon
sequestration. Journal of Environment Quality 2012;
Lehmann J, da Silva JP, Steiner C et al. Nutrient
availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol
and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer,
manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil
; 249 (2): 343-57.
Sukartono, Utomo WH, Nugroho WH et al. Simple
biochar production generated from cattle dung and
coconut shell. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific
Research 2011; 1(10): 1680-5.
Sun Y, Gao B, Yao Y et al. Effects of feedstock type,
production method, and pyrolysis temperature
on biochar and hydrochar properties. Chemical
Engineering Journal 2014; 240: 574-8.
Peter W. Biochar and bioenergy production for climate
change mitigation. Science and Technology 2007;
Wu W, Yang M, Feng Q etal. Chemical characterization
of ricestraw-derived biochar for soil amendment.
Biomassand Bioenergy 2012; 47: 268-76.
Van Zwieten L, Kimber S, Sinclair K etal. Biochar:
potential for climate change mitigation, improved
yield and soil health. Annual Conference of the Grass
land Society of NSW. 2008 a: 30-33.
Mohan D, Pittman CU Jr., Steele PH. Pyrolysis of wood/
biomass for bio-oil: a critical review. Energy & Fuels
; 20; 848–889.
ChenW. Carbon Capture and Sequestration. Available
Theo WL, Lim JS, Hashim H et al. Review of precombustion
capture and ionic liquid in carbon capture
and storage. Applied energy 2016; 1(183): 1633-63.
- There are currently no refbacks.