A Review of Biochar Based Technologies in Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Paragi Neema, Mridul Narang, Harmann Singh Mann

Abstract


The emission of greenhouse gases, predominantly, carbon dioxide, due to burning, decomposition and various other ways to dispose of agricultural crop residues or biomass waste has led to an increased persistence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Biochar is biologically active charcoal which is created by biomass feedstock pyrolysis in an oxygen deprived condition. Feedstock such as manure generated by poultry and livestock operations, agricultural waste and biodegradable solid waste can be used for the production of biochar. Biochar can be used as a soil amendment for poor soils, carrier for plant nutrients, water filtering medium, insulation in the building industry and as carbon sinks due to its porosity, stability and high surface area. The pyrolysis of biomass in the absence of oxygen yields an array of solid (biochar - dominant product during slow pyrolysis), liquid (bio-oil) and gaseous (syngas) products. As the key element in a new carbon-negative strategy, biochar can mitigate climate change by carbon sequestration and facilitate the development of a sustainable society by resolving critical challenges of food and energy security, etc. This review emphasizes on biochar utility as an approach to carbon capture and sequestration and hence the need to develop a carbon negative industry by minimizing atmospheric carbon.


Keywords


Agricultural waste, Biochar, Carbon dioxide emission, Carbon capture and sequestration, Climate change mitigation, Feedstock, Pyrolysis, Soil amendment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Wabel MI, Al-Omran A, El-Naggar AH et al. Pyrolysis

temperature induced changes in characteristics and

chemical composition of biochar produced from

conocarpus wastes. Bioresource Technology 2013;

: 374-9.

Barrow CJ. Biochar: potential for counter in gland

degradation and for improving agriculture. Applied

Geography 2012; 34: 21-8.

Bhattacharya I, Yadav JSS, More T et al. Biochar. Carbon

Capture and Storage. 2015; 421-454.

Bolin B. The carbon cycle. Scientific America 1970;

: 2-10.

Brewer CE. Biochar characterization and engineering.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Iowa State

University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations,

Budai A, Wang L, Gronli M et al. Surface properties

and chemical composition of corncob and miscanthus

biochars: effects of production temperature and

method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

; 62(17): 3791-99.

Mc Carl BA, Peacocke C, Chrisman R etal. Economics

of biochar production, utilisation and GHG Offsetspr.

International Biochar Initiative Conference, New

castleupon Tyne, UK. 2008.

Cui Z. A review of biochar’s applications in the soil

nitrogen cycle. Department of Chemical & Material

Engineering, New Mexico State University, 2015.

Available from: http://chme.nmsu.edu/files/2014/11/

CHE-498-Final-Report-Cui-S15.pdf.

Glaser B, Woods WI. Amazonian dark earth: explorations

in space and time. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg,

: XIV, 216.

IEA. Carbon capture and storage. International Energy

Agency 2017; 325: 1647-52.

IPCC. CO2 removals in residual combustion products

(charcoal): basis for future methodological

development. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National

Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Available from: https://

www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/pdf/4_

Volume4/V4_p_Ap1_Charcoal.pdf.

Gentela J, Prashanthi GS, Sravanthi K et al. Status

of availability of lignocellulosic feed stocks in India:

biotechnological strategies involved in the production

of bioethanol. Renewable and Sustainable Energy

Reviews 2017; 73: 798-820.

Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate

change. Geoderma 2004; 123(1-2): 1-22.

Lee Y, Park J, Ryu C et al. Comparison of biochar

properties from biomass residues produced by slow

pyrolysis at 500°C. Bioresource Technology 2013; 148:

-201.

Johannes L, Gaunt J, Rondon M. Bio-char

sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems - a review.Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global

Change 2006; 11(2): 403-27.

Johannes L, Joseph S. Biochar for Environmental

Management. 2009. Available from: https://pdfs.

sem anticscholar.org/1dcd/dcb78cb7010fedb248f

c1f402ed5a0a731c.pdf.

Wu-Jun L, Jiang H, Yu HQ. Development of biocharbased

functional materials: toward a sustainable

platform carbon material. Chemical Reviews 2015;

(22): 12251-85.

Ondřej M, Brownsort P, Cross A et al. Influence of

Production Conditions on the Yield and Environmental

Stability of Biochar. Fuel 2013; 103: 151-5.

Agusalim M, Utomo WH, Syechfani MS. Rice husk

biochar for rice based cropping system in acid soil 1.

the characteristics of rice husk biochar and its influence

on the properties of acid sulfate soils and rice growth

in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural

Science 2010; 2(1): 39-47.

Sebastian M, Glaser B, Quicker P. Technical, economical

and climate related aspects of biochar production

technologies: a literature review. Environmental Science

& Technology 2011; 45(22): 110930141845009.

Mukome FND, Zhang X, Silva LCR et al. Use of chemical

and physical characteristics to investigate trends in

biochar feedstocks. Journal of Agricultural and Food

Chemistry 2013; 61(9): 2196-204.

Novak JM, Lima I, Xing B et al. Characterization of

designer biochar produced at different temperatures

and their effects on a loamy sand. Annals of

Environmental Science 2009; 3(843): 195-206.

Page SC, Williamson AG, Mason IG. Carbon capture and

storage: fundamental thermodynamics and current

technology. Energy Policy 2009; 37(9): 3314-24.

Introduction to carbon negative energy.

Available from: https://gcep.stanford.edu/pdfs/

TechReport2016/2.7.1_Intro_Carbon%20Negative%20

Energy_2016.pdf.

Le Quéré C, Raupach MR, Canadell JG et al. Trends

in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nature

Geoscience 2009; 2(12): 831-6.

Singh B, Singh BP, Cowie AL. Characterization and

evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil

amendment. Australian Journal of Soil Research 2010;

(6-7): 516-25.

Skog KE, Nicholson GA. Carbon cycling through wood

products: the role of wood and paper products in

carbon sequestration. Forest Products Journal 1998;

(7-8): 75-83.

Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E et al. A review of biochar

and its use and function in soil. Advances in Agronomy

; 105(1): 47-82.

Spokas KA, Cantrell KB, Novak JM et al. 2012. Biochar:

a synthesis of its agronomic impact beyond carbon

sequestration. Journal of Environment Quality 2012;

(4): 973.

Lehmann J, da Silva JP, Steiner C et al. Nutrient

availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol

and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer,

manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil

; 249 (2): 343-57.

Sukartono, Utomo WH, Nugroho WH et al. Simple

biochar production generated from cattle dung and

coconut shell. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific

Research 2011; 1(10): 1680-5.

Sun Y, Gao B, Yao Y et al. Effects of feedstock type,

production method, and pyrolysis temperature

on biochar and hydrochar properties. Chemical

Engineering Journal 2014; 240: 574-8.

Peter W. Biochar and bioenergy production for climate

change mitigation. Science and Technology 2007;

(1): 5-10.

Wu W, Yang M, Feng Q etal. Chemical characterization

of ricestraw-derived biochar for soil amendment.

Biomassand Bioenergy 2012; 47: 268-76.

Van Zwieten L, Kimber S, Sinclair K etal. Biochar:

potential for climate change mitigation, improved

yield and soil health. Annual Conference of the Grass

land Society of NSW. 2008 a: 30-33.

Mohan D, Pittman CU Jr., Steele PH. Pyrolysis of wood/

biomass for bio-oil: a critical review. Energy & Fuels

; 20; 848–889.

ChenW. Carbon Capture and Sequestration. Available

from: http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2010/ph240/

chenw2/.

Theo WL, Lim JS, Hashim H et al. Review of precombustion

capture and ionic liquid in carbon capture

and storage. Applied energy 2016; 1(183): 1633-63.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments