Development and Physicochemical Analysis of Ceramic Water Filters

Olajide Tunmilayo Sanya, Yinusa Daniel Lamidi, Babajide Olugbenga Fatile, Olushola Bamidele Nenuwa

Abstract


Ceramic water filters (CWFs) are promoted in developing nations by World Health Organisation (WHO) to improve water quality. In this study, CWFs were developed from raw materials such as cullet, limestone and clays. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of cullet and limestone on the physicochemical properties of filtered water samples. Total numbers of eight CWFs were formulated with various percentages of cullet and limestone. Physical and chemical analyses were carried out on selected water samples including borehole (BH), well (WL), and pond (PD). Physicochemical parameters examined were pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), electrical conductivity, hardness, and turbidity. Results showed significant increase in the values of TDS and electrical conductivity after using developed CWFs. The values of TSS reduced while slight changes were observed in pH and hardness readings of filtrates. Most CWFs helped to reduce the turbidity content in filtered water samples.

Keywords


Ceramic water filter, Physicochemical, WCeramic water filter, Physicochemical, Water quality, Turbidityater quality, Turbidity

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References


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