Crop Farmer/ Pastoralist Conflict as a Challenge to Livestock Development and Animal Agriculture: The Experience of Pastoralists in Imo State, Nigeria

Chikaire JU, Odoemenam EF, Orusha JO, Onogu B


One of the major but hidden challenges to livestock development and animal agriculture the world over is resource-use conflicts between crop farmers and pastoralists. This is so because during conflict situation, almost all human livelihood activities come to a standstill including livestock farming. This study, therefore, sought to examine how crop farmer/pastoralist conflicts hinder livestock production. Questionnaires and oral interviews were used to obtain information from a total of 40 pastoralists in Imo state. Data were analyzed using percentages, mean and standard deviation. The results showed that the mean age of pastoralists was 38, and the mean household size was 10, mean herding experience was 18. The following were the causes of conflicts between crop farmer/pastoralist: blocking of water sources by crop farmers with a mean (M) response of 3.30, farming across cattle routes (M=2.95), burning of fields (M=3.30), theft/stealing of cattle (M=3.40), among others. The factors attracting the pastoralists to the study area were availability of special pasture (M=2.37), availability of land for lease (M=2.52), water availability (M=2.60), among other reasons. Conflicts, therefore, affect livestock production in the following ways: unsafe field for grazing, poor animal health, loss of human and animal lives, abandonment of herds for dear life and many others.


Animal, Agriculture, Conflict, Livestock, Pastoralists

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