Optimization of Sun Tracking Data Handling to Improve Efficiency of PV Module

Anubhav Taheem, Anish Sachdeva, Vishal S Sharma


The procedure of tracking the sun depends on azimuth, altitude and declination angle of sun, latitude and longitude of a location and others. The orientation of sun around the earth can be tracked by using sun tracking mechanisms to collect the maximum percentage of incidents sun ray normal to the panel. This study is conducted to meet objective i.e. optimizing data handling. Three case studies have been implemented. In the first case, a computerized sun tracking device is assumed to rotate the photovoltaic panel as per the sun movement. The output is accurate, but it is expensive as typical multiple sensors, mechanical drive and microcontroller are used. In the second scenario, the solar panel is fixed at sun azimuth (ɸ) 180° and altitude 58° angle which causes more variations in the percentage of incident sun ray normal to the panel throughout the day. Whereas, in the third case, the panel is supposed to change its direction according to the 12 paths (trajectory) of sun instead of 365 paths and each path is comprised with the monthly average of the sun azimuth and altitude angle. This procedure will reduce data handling/ sun tracking cost as compared to the first case.


Solar Energy, Sun Tracking Mechanism, Incident Sun Ray, Photovoltaic Panel

Full Text:



Ohunakin OS, Akinnawonu OO. Assessment of wind energy potential and the economics of wind power generation in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Energy Sustainable Development 2012; 16(1): 78-83.

Abdallah S, Badran OO. Sun tracking system for productivity enhancement of solar still. Desalination 2008; 220(1-3): 669-676.

Abdallah S, Nijmeh S. Two axes sun tracking system with PLC control, Energy Conversion and Management 2004; 45 (11-12): 1931-1939.

Bentaher H, Kaich H, Ayadi N et al. A simple tracking system to monitor solar PV panels, Energy Conversion and Management 2014; 78: 872-875.

Ibrahim Sefa, Mehmet Demirtas, Ilhami Çolak. Application of one-axis sun tracking system. Energy Conversion and Management 2009; 50(11): 2709-2718.

Ankit Anuraj and Rahul Gandhi. Solar Tracking System

Using Stepper Motor. International Journal of Electronic

and Electrical Engineering 2014; 7(6): 561-566.

Huang BJ, Huang YC, Chen GY et al. Improving Solar PV System Efficiency Using One-Axis 3-Position Sun Tracking. Energy Procedia 2013; 33: 280-287.



Abdollahpour M, Golzarian MR, Rohani A et al. Development of a machine vision dual-axis solar tracking system. Solar Energy 2018; 169: 136-143.

Fathabadi H. Comparative study between two novel sensorless and sensor based dual- axis solar trackers. Solar Energy 2016; 138: 67-76.

Roux WGL. Optimum tilt and azimuth angles for fixed solar collectors in South Africa using measured data. Renewable Energy 2016; 96: 603-612.

Eke R, Senturk A. Performance comparison of a doubleaxis

sun tracking versus fixed PV system. Solar Energy 2012; 86(9): 2665-2672.


  • There are currently no refbacks.